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Animal Welfare And Consumer’s Health

K Belegu


Transportation is considered as a major stressor for farm animals and might have deleterious effects on the health, wellbeing, performance and ultimately on product quality, (E. H. van Borell 2001). So, the welfare of animals during transport is the joint responsibility of all people involved, (Broom, D. M. 2005). Many studies have proved that there is a direct connection between the health of animal and consumers. This study aims to monitor animal welfare during transportation based on controlling the respect of animal transportation standards in accordance with the "Regulation (EC) No 1/2005” on the Protection of Animals During Transport". The methodology used to realize this study was that of direct interviewing of merchants and farmers at the animal market in the suburbs of Tirana, which is the only animal market in Tirana. The evaluation period was December 2012 until February 2013. From all the people interviewed resulted that 55% of them, or 11 persons, were merchants and 45%, or 9 of the interviewed were farmers. As a result of the sellers interviewed, most of them transport animals locally and only one of the sellers were licensed to realize international transportation of the animals. The majority of the interviewed do not possess a specific vehicle for the transportation of the animals. Currently, they use other vehicles for goods transportation for this purpose. Based on the discussions with the 20 farmers and animal merchants resulted that their knowledge regarding animal transportation is very poor. None of them has ever been trained in relation to the rules of animal transportation that guarantees animal welfare.

Keywords: Animal welfare, consumer, animal health, stress of transport.

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