Hermenautical Nature of Text in Jacques Derrida’s Thought


  • Ledian Rusta


This paper unfolds the philosophical thought of Jacques Derrida regarding his hermeneutical consideration about the concept of text (written word). The matter initially addressed is related to his criticism concerning Plato’s metaphysical position, which appears in the spoken word (the dialogue), as the proper form of unfolding the truth. As a criticism towards him, Derrida uses the concept of writing, providing a few characteristics under the term Pharmakon, as well as emphasizing its anti-metaphysical nature, relaying on the qualities it consists of, such as, transendentality, autonomy, and its particular condition such as différance. In a more thorough hermeneutical review, the author proposes that writing should not be perceived as a simple physical material sign, under the example of presence, on which the metaphysics lies, but as différance expressed through the concept of trace. As a result, the constant hermeneutical nature of the trace and its meaning, depending on the existential experience of the interpreting subject, outlines yet another particular relationship with the understanding and the truth which the text expresses. This truth unfolds as fully dinamyc, and by not being materialized in the graphyc sign of the text, it gains its meaning from the interpreting subject’s experience itself.

Keywords: Text, trace, sign, différance, pharmakon, hermeneutics.




How to Cite

Rusta, L. (2015). Hermenautical Nature of Text in Jacques Derrida’s Thought. ANGLISTICUM. Journal of the Association-Institute for English Language and American Studies, 4(6), 208–211. Retrieved from https://www.anglisticum.org.mk/index.php/IJLLIS/article/view/119



Volume 4, No.6, June 2015